Skin, the largest organ in our body is made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that guard the underlying muscles and organs of our. Skin pigmentation (human skin color) on the other hand varies among peoples of the world. Skin color is determined by the amount of melanin, the pigment in the skin. More concentration of melanin in the body will give you a dark person so it goes without saying that a light-skinned person would have less of the melanin compound in the body.
African-American skin have that distinction of having the most of melanin concentration in the body and studies show that this melanin content in African-American skin has a greater tendency to hyper-pigmentation, or specks of darker colored skin surface that may appear as blemishes over time if not protected properly. This is one important consideration to take in choosing the right skin care product.
There is nothing really fancy in caring for the African American skin, dry skin being a much more common condition for this skin type. Body nourishment is the key. Drinking plenty of fluids will help prevent skin dryness and keep it radiant. A moisturizer is very essential to keep the skin soft and smooth. Choose moisturizers that are hypoallergenic and oil-free. A good moisturizer should absorb into your skin without a trace, creating an invisible barrier against moisture loss. When cleansing your skin, use a non-soap cleanser. Soap will dry and irritate your skin. Be sure to use warm water as well since water that is too hot will also dry out the skin.
African Americans also often have trouble with an oily complexion due to the fact that their skin has more, and larger, sebaceous (or oil) glands than Caucasian or Asian skin. The large number of sebaceous glands can produce unwanted oily or shiny appearance. If these oil glands are over-active they can become clogged and cause acne to break out on the skin. For the very oily or acne-prone skin, an oil-control lotion will help eliminate shine for hours.
Exfoliate with a mild and gentle exfoliate that can be used daily. Exfoliating rids the skin of dead skin cell, and clears the pores so they can accept more moisture. For blemish prone skin, using an exfoliating product with salicylic acid will aid in clearing any break out.
Another important consideration is the regular use of sunscreen. While more melanin content in the body can help protect from the sun, a lot of unprotected skin exposure to it can cause the dreaded skin cancer. It is highly recommended to use one with an SPF 30 at the very least.
Facial skin, no matter the type needs to be cared for always. It is that part of the body that we look at first at anytime. No other part of our body is subjected to so much scrutiny as the face, so better to always have it healthy, radiant and blemish free. Let us make intelligent efforts to meet this end and in doing so, it gives us the confidence we need that ultimately transcends all skin color prejudices.